Erie Bankruptcy Lawyers
Knowledgeable Erie Bankruptcy Lawyers Help Clients Through the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Process
Bankruptcy is not just for those who are struggling after losing their job or suffering from a debilitating medical condition and can no longer work. Anyone can find themselves having a difficult time staying ahead of the constant inflow of bills and expenses. Indeed, the annoying phone calls and letters from creditors are a constant reminder of debts owed, and, over time, can bring you down.
By filing for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, many Pennsylvanians can reorganize their debts, pay them back slowly and begin a new financial future. At the Erie bankruptcy law firm of Melaragno, Placidi & Parini, we help clients overcome their financial problems and set themselves on a better path.
- Fifty-two percent of those who file for bankruptcy are male
- Sixty-four percent of those who file for bankruptcy are married
- Thirty-six percent of those who file for bankruptcy have at least a high school education
- Over 13 percent of those who file for bankruptcy have at least a college education
- Sixty percent of those who file for bankruptcy make under $30,000 per year
Eight percent of those who filed for bankruptcy have filed for bankruptcy before.
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy
Chapter 13 bankruptcies, or “reorganization bankruptcies” are different from Chapter 7 bankruptcies in that the filer’s assets will not be sold. Instead, the court consolidates the filer’s debts, potentially eliminating some unsecured debt, and creates a repayment plan lasting from three to five years. A Pennsylvania Chapter 13 bankruptcy is ideal for those who have assets that they wish to keep – such as a home – and have the income to support making a monthly payment. A Chapter 13 bankruptcy is also helpful if you are in foreclosure and want to stop the foreclosure and obtain time to catch up on the past-due mortgage payments over time.
Choosing whether to file for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy or Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a crucial decision. Often, an individual’s financial circumstances dictate which type of bankruptcy they can file. For example, to file for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, a filer must take and pass a “means test.” The test is intended to determine whether the filer has the means to file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy instead of a Chapter 7 bankruptcy. On the other hand, those filing for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy must have their repayment plan approved by the court, which will require the filer have enough income to make the monthly payments.
At Melaragno, Placidi & Parini, we have extensive experience handling both Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy cases. We understand that the decision whether or not to file for bankruptcy is a difficult and personal one, and when you meet with one of our attorneys, we will explain the process and advise you of your options, leaving you to make the ultimate decision without any pressure.
As is the case with many aspects of life, the unknowns surrounding the bankruptcy process tend to discourage people from filing for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy when doing so may greatly help their financial situation. At Melaragno, Placidi & Parini, we see part of our role in the process as educating clients to help them make the best decision for their family. With over 20 years of experience handling a wide range of Pennsylvania bankruptcy cases, we are uniquely positioned to provide clients with effective advice, whatever their individual circumstances.
Gene Placidi is amazing and extremely compassionate and dedicated lawyer. I would recommend him to family and friends.
Causes of Bankruptcy
Seventy-eight percent of bankruptcy filers agreed that loss of income played a role in them filing for bankruptcy. This was the single most-cited reason for filing. Other common reasons include:
- Medical expenses
- Unaffordable mortgage or foreclosure
- Job loss due to medical condition
- Divorce or separation
- Student loans
- Change in family size (including births and deaths)
Bankruptcies and Medical Debt
Approximately 1.61 people out of every 1,000 Pennsylvania residents, on average, file bankruptcy each year. In 2019 in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, three were 3981 Chapter 7 bankruptcies and 4,232 Chapter 13 bankruptcies. In the Western District of Pennsylvania there were 4,580 Chapter 7 bankruptcies and 2,339 Chapter 13 bankruptcies.
The cost of medical care in the United States is astronomical, with total healthcare costs eclipsing $3 trillion. Each year, the average person spends nearly $10,000 on healthcare.
- The average cost of a 15-minute doctor’s visit for an established patient is $104
- The average daily cost of a hospital stay is $5,220
- The average total cost of a hospital stay is $15,734
Starting the process
Credit counseling course
Before formally filing for bankruptcy, someone must take a credit counseling course.
A filer must list all of their assets and debts
Formally File Bankruptcy Petition
The court will impose an automatic stay, blocking creditors
File Chapter 13 Plan
The plan states how the filer intends to repay the secured and unsecured creditors
This will stop wage garnishment, harassing phone calls and annoying letters.
FINISHING THE PROCESS
1. Appoint a bankruptcy trustee
After the filing of the bankruptcy, the next step is for the court to appoint a bankruptcy trustee, who will oversee the process and ensure that any proposed plan complies with the United States bankruptcy laws. Once the court appoints a trustee, the court will send out notice to all creditors, informing them of the pending bankruptcy and giving them the chance to object. By this point, the filer has provided their most recent tax return, and arranges to provide the trustee with other requested documentation.
2. Meeting of the creditors
Once the repayment plan is approved, the filer will begin to make payments. The court will then hold the meeting of the creditors, where they will be given an opportunity to object if they hope to modify the terms of the plan. While the bankruptcy judge will hear creditors’ objections, the court can disregard them in a process known as a “cram down.” A cram down is where the judge forces a creditor to accept an unfavorable restructuring of debt against a creditor’s wishes.
3. Confirm plan & begin payments
Assuming the plan is either modified or approved, the bankruptcy judge will confirm the plan. Creditors will be directed to file a proof of claim, indicating how much they are owed. The filer may again dispute the amounts listed in a proof of claim. After this, the filer will make payments pursuant to the repayment plan. Before the end of the process, the filer must take a personal finance class. Once the repayment term is up, the court will then grant the filer’s discharge.
Types of debt
They type of debt you have matters. Based upon your ability to pay, an amount is determined that must be repaid to the unsecured creditors.
Secured debt refers to debt that which is secured by collateral. For example, a mortgage is secured by a home, and a car loan is secured by a vehicle. Unsecured debt is debt that is not secured by any type of collateral. Here are a few common examples of unsecured debt:
- Medical bills
- Credit card debt
- Personal loans that are not secured by collateral
- Older tax debts
- Contractual debt
Based upon the filer’s ability to pay, an amount is determined that must be repaid to the unsecured creditors. The unsecured creditors will receive a pro rata share of the debt they are owed based upon the total amount paid to all unsecured creditors.
Through the process of lien-stripping, a bankruptcy judge can recharacterize the unsecured portion of a secured loan to unsecured debt. For example, if someone owes $20,000 on a vehicle, but it is only worth $10,000, the court may “strip” the unsecured portion (in this case, $10,000), turning it into unsecured debt. The $10,000 that is secured by the vehicle will then be listed separately in the repayment plan and must be paid in full.
However, because the unsecured portion was recharacterized as unsecured debt, it will be grouped together with the remaining unsecured debt. There are unique circumstances that are case specific that will govern whether or not it is possible to lien strip.
Contact a Pennsylvania Bankruptcy Attorney for Immediate Assistance
At the Erie bankruptcy law firm of Melaragno, Placidi & Parini, we proudly represent clients who are struggling to help keep up with their bills. Filing for bankruptcy is a personal decision that must be discussed with family members and, unlike other bankruptcy law firms, we will not pressure you into moving forward. In fact, we prefer if you take the time you need to make sure that filing for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy is right for you. If you decide that it is, we are here to help make the process as efficient as possible. To learn more, and to schedule a free consultation with one of our knowledgeable bankruptcy lawyers, call 814-459-5557 today.